ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index

Some Methodological Issues

The multidimensional poverty index computed by the Niti Aayog suffers from several methodological shortcomings as well as wrong or improper selections of indicators. The most glaring mistake in the report is the inclusion of multidimensional deprivation index estimates for urban areas for all districts. This reduces the validity of the findings for policy intervention as well as international comparison.

During the last decade or so, the use of multidimensional poverty index (MPI) has become popular in academic and policymaking circles all over the world. The MPI is a much wider concept than the income poverty concept as it captures multiple and overlapping deprivations faced by the poor. The MPI is based on the aggregation of multiple indicators related to three aspects: (i) health, (ii) education, and (iii) standard of living. The MPI, thus, provides a more comprehensive depiction of poverty, which can serve as a policy tool to tackle poverty in each dimension at different levels.

The multidimensional poverty measure was first developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for inclusion in UNDPs flagship Human Development Report in 2010, where it has been published since then (Alkire and Foster 2011; Godinot and Walker 2020).

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here

Or

To gain instant access to this article (download).


Pay
INR 59

(Readers in India)


Pay
$ 6

(Readers outside India)

Published On : 9th Mar, 2024

Support Us

Your Support will ensure EPW’s financial viability and sustainability.

The EPW produces independent and public-spirited scholarship and analyses of contemporary affairs every week. EPW is one of the few publications that keep alive the spirit of intellectual inquiry in the Indian media.

Often described as a publication with a “social conscience,” EPW has never shied away from taking strong editorial positions. Our publication is free from political pressure, or commercial interests. Our editorial independence is our pride.

We rely on your support to continue the endeavour of highlighting the challenges faced by the disadvantaged, writings from the margins, and scholarship on the most pertinent issues that concern contemporary Indian society.

Every contribution is valuable for our future.