ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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India–China and the Emerging Global South

The global South is discontented and aims to exert its influence in reshaping global politics and finance. China and India emerge as the primary contenders for leadership in the developing and underdeveloped world. While India seeks to reform the post-war order, China endeavours to revolutionise it. India’s approach may not be fundamentally opposed to the West, as its efforts are focused on discouraging poorer nations from being lured by Chinese financial incentives. The Western powers are apprehensive about the prospect of the postcolonial developing world uniting, especially under Russian and Chinese influence. They aim to counteract such unity, ensuring that it remains fragmented.

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine underscored divisions in the NorthSouth global dynamics, but the recent IsraeliPalestinian strife is exacerbating these divides. The responses from the global South to both conflicts reinforce the enduring nature of the NorthSouth gap in the global political economy. Nations in the global South, situated in Asia, Africa, and Latin America with unique histories distinct from Eurocentric narratives, are once again exposing global politicaleconomic imbalances, a skewed international financial structure, and unequal power relations. They are also raising their voices against the forever wars that have caused dire economic hardships through inflation in their countries.

While the affluent nations passionately advocated respect for international law and universal human rights during the RussiaUkraine war, those principles now lie in ruins in West Asia. The much-vaunted rule-based order has crumbled in Gaza, where Israel is openly violating every rule of war with Western approval, evident in the widespread carpet bombing of a small region inhabited by 23 million Palestinians. This glaring hypocrisy in Western actions is not unfamiliar to global South countries, which have witnessed American double standards since the conclusion of World War II. The United Statess (US) obsession with security and militaryindustrial complex has made it unattractive to the developing world, which is witness to the inequity and injustice within the US-led liberal international order that talks against the war while simultaneously fuelling it with Western-manufactured arms and ammunition.

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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