ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

Productivity and the 12-hour Workday


The proposals of the union and some state governments in favour of the 12-hour workday (only on permissible grounds, if required by the employers) with the restriction of a maximum 48 working hours a week and an opt-out option based on the voluntary consent of the employees have caused considerable controversy. Many trade unions have objected to the implementation of the 12-hour workday.

The 12-hour workday is not new to the world. It is a modified combination of longer daily working hours and restricted weekly working hours. Many of our ancestors often worked for more than 12 hours a day. Many nations like Australia, the United States, Russia, Germany, and Austria witnessed labour agitations and loss of lives in protests for a shorter workday. Their protests gave us the eight-hour workday. With these successful protests, eight hours each were prescribed for work, recreation, and sleep.

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here


To gain instant access to this article (download).

INR 59

(Readers in India)

$ 6

(Readers outside India)

Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

Support Us

Your Support will ensure EPW’s financial viability and sustainability.

The EPW produces independent and public-spirited scholarship and analyses of contemporary affairs every week. EPW is one of the few publications that keep alive the spirit of intellectual inquiry in the Indian media.

Often described as a publication with a “social conscience,” EPW has never shied away from taking strong editorial positions. Our publication is free from political pressure, or commercial interests. Our editorial independence is our pride.

We rely on your support to continue the endeavour of highlighting the challenges faced by the disadvantaged, writings from the margins, and scholarship on the most pertinent issues that concern contemporary Indian society.

Every contribution is valuable for our future.