ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Meitei Majoritarian Politics of the BJP in Manipur

The author is grateful to the anonymous referee for their valuable comments and suggestions and also to Dolaipabam Muhammad Ali and Ngaizahoih Zou for sharing their viewpoints on the article.

The successful capture of power by the Bharatiya Janata Party in Manipur following the 2017 assembly elections has significantly affected the states ethnic politics. Since its resurgence, the BJP has worked to provide the Meitei community significant electoral positions while marginalising other religious and ethnic minorities. As a result, ethnic politics have become more intensified in Manipur.

According to the 2011 Census, Manipur has a population of almost three million and a diverse ethnic population with complex communal divides. The states politics is focused mainly on issues of development, ethnicity, and insurgency (Hausing 2015). Since its first assembly elections in 1952, Manipurs electoral politics has changed with the formation of new constituencies and an increased number of voters. The resurgence of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as the states most potent political party during the 2017 assembly elections represented a watershed moment in Manipurs electoral history, thereby ending the Indian National Congresss (INC) 15-year rule in the state. Currently, the BJP is the single largest party having won 32 out of 60 seats in the 2022 assembly elections, and is in coalition with the National Peoples Party (NPP) with seven seats and the Naga Peoples Front (NPF) with five seats. The coalition is part of the North East Democratic Alliance (NEDA), a subregional group of the BJPs National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by Assams Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma. The coalition is supported by two seats from the newly launched Kuki Peoples Alliance (KPA) as well.

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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