ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Electric Vehicle Mobility in India

Challenges and Opportunities

Considering the challenges emerging from extreme levels of urban pollution, high population density, and economic growth rates, the Indian government has shown keen interest in launching multiple initiatives to achieve 100% electric mobility by 2030. This article analyses the opportunities and challenges in their adoption.

The authors would like to thank all the anonymous reviewers for taking the time to provide valuable comments and suggestions for the improvement of the quality of this article.

The propulsion of an electric vehicle is based on one or more electric motors that rely on energy stored in rechargeable batteries. An electric vehicle is devoid of a clutch and gearbox, and the noise generated is comparatively low as compared to a conventional gasoline car. Contemporary electric vehicles come in many varieties: two-wheelers, three-wheelers, cars, and buses. A popular classification puts commercially available electric vehicles into three categories: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and battery electric vehicles (BEVs). PHEVs and HEVs can be powered by electricity or petrol, whereas BEVs rely exclusively on electricity (Noor et al 2017).

The conceptual idea behind an electric vehicles is not new. The first fleet of electric taxis by the name Hummingbirds was built in England around 1897. Thereafter, France and the United Kingdom (UK) were the initial nations to introduce an extensive policy for electric vehicles during those days. However, issues related to pricing, speed, and battery reliability marred the adoption of early electric vehicles (Anderson and Anderson 2010). While some interest in electric vehicles persisted after the 1960s, it was in the late 2000s when the work of Elon Musk on the lithium-ion battery and the emergence of the Tesla Roadster car sparked wide interest not just among established automobile original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) but also start-ups and the general public (Sull and Reavis 2019).

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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