ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Challenges before Institutions of Eminence in India

This article evaluates the challenges of the Institutions of Eminence scheme from the feedbacks received from the faculty, heads, deans, and directors/vice chancellors of the institutes/universities covered under the scheme. It is concluded that investing in teachers is highly crucial to attain “world-class” status for universities in India.

The Institutions of Eminence (IOE) scheme was implemented in 201718 by the union government to develop world-class institutions in India, particularly for Indian universities to appear in the top 500 world ranking in 10 years and top 100 world rankings eventually. Following the recommendations of the empowered expert committee, eight public institutions, that is, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), University of Hyderabad, University of Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, and four private institutions, namely Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences (BITS), Pilani, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, O P Jindal Global University, Sonipat, and Shiv Nadar University, Uttar Pradesh were declared as institutions of eminence. Most of the IOEs are of very recent origin. The union government promised to grant autonomy and funding support of `1,000 crore to each public-funded institution over a period of five years.

The autonomy granted to public-funded institutions includes the freedom to grant admissions to foreign students, fix fees, offer offline and online courses, fix the curriculum, recruit foreign faculty, and hire personnel from industry, enter into academic collaboration in India and abroad, and complete financial autonomy. The support of public funding and autonomy are indeed important in upgrading teaching and research and to qualify among the world-class institutions in global university rankings. There are, however, many important challenges to be overcome. The purpose of this article is to analyse the challenges of IOEs to become world-class universities from the evidence collected at the ground level and to emphasise the point that investment in teachers is crucial to attain a world-class status for universities in India.

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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