ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Interstate Border Disputes in North East India

The Case of Assam and Mizoram

The recent clashes between Assam and Mizoram have invited academic discussions on the issue of the border dispute between the two north-eastern states. The article tries to understand the root of the conflict and proceeds to point out the stands of respective governments on the border dispute. It also discusses on the probable mechanisms or the ways out for the settlement of the border dispute between these two states.


The border dispute between Assam and Mizoram erupted in clashes and resulted in the death of six and injured at least 50 Assam police personnel, including the Cachar district superintendent of police, in the bordering areas of Lailapur (Cachar district, Assam) and Vairengte (Kolasib district, Mizoram) on 26 July 2021. In the 164.6 kilometres (km) of AssamMizoram border, the bordering districts of Assam are Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj; while that of Mizoram are Mamit, Aizawl, and Kolasib. There are certain disputed locations in the AssamMizoram border, and this has resulted in confrontations between the two states since the formation of Mizoram as a state: significantly, in 2018 and 2020 and as mentioned above, in July 2021. The understanding of the root cause of the conflict invites an account of the administrative arrangements accomplished in colonial and post-independence India in relation to the border demarcation between Lushai Hills/Mizoram and Cachar plains/Assam.

Administrative Arrangements

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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