ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Strategic Dissonance in Afghanistan and a Way Forward

The historical background of recent events in Afghanistan is examined, and its relevance to India’s foreign and security policy is analysed. 

The historical background of recent events in Afghanistan is examined, and its relevance to India’s foreign and security policy is analysed.

The only thing that we learn from history is that we learn nothing from history.

Georg Hegel

Afghanistan has seen numerous foreign interventions in the past two centuries starting with the Afghan wars in the 19th century, the proxy war between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union in the 1980s and early 1990s, and the US Global War on Terror post 9/11. Halford Mackinder propounded his ‘‘heartland theory’’ with Afghanistan at the crossroads of empires to explain the ‘‘great game’’ or rivalry between Britain and Russia in the 19th century, which included the Afghan wars (Mackinder 1904). During the time that Britain fought for control over Afghanistan, Tsarist Russia won over central Asia (Fromkin 1980).

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Updated On : 12th Dec, 2021
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