ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rhetoric and Reality

Economic Growth in Uttar Pradesh in Recent Years

This article critically scrutinises the tall claims of the state government using the official figures of the gross state domestic product, and shows that over the four years of the present government, the per capita income in UP has increased merely by 0.43% as against the claim of 100% growth. The analysis of growth rates at the sectoral level shows that the rates of growth in most of the sectors during the present government are lower than the growth rates registered during the previous government.


The Uttar Pradesh (UP) government has been proclaiming through front-page advertisements in leading newspapers that the per capita income in UP has doubled in the four years since the Bharatiya Janata Party government came into power. In an interview to the Economic Times (Gaur 2021), Yogi Adityanath, the chief minister of the state said, “the gross domestic product of the state was `10.90 lakh crore in 2015–16 (when the state was being run by the Samajwadi Party government) which has grown to `21.73 lakh crore in four years.” He went on to assert that “when we come to power after 2022, UP will become the largest economy.” In an interview to the Week (Awasthi 2021), he again stated that

At the time of independence, the per capita income in the state was at par with the national average. In the last 70 years, it became one-third (of the national average). In the last four years, it has more than doubled.

Doubling of per capita income in four years requires a compound growth rate of 18% per year, which means that the state economy must have been growing at 20% per year during the period. Such a miracle has not been witnessed in history in any national or state economy. The tall claims of the state government, therefore, need to be scrutinised.

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Updated On : 17th Dec, 2021
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