ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Fifteenth Finance Commission Award and the North-eastern States

This paper deals with the expected fiscal transfers to north-eastern states under the Fifteenth Finance Commission award. The analysis reveals that the ratio of central transfers has been declining. However, the structural disabilities of these states necessitates that the union government supplements the finance commission transfers with other budgetary support.

 

The recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission to raise the share of tax devolution from 32% to 42% of the divisible pool (Finance Commission 2015: 90), have made metamorphic changes in the system of federal transfers to the north-eastern states (NES).1 Traditionally, the NES have an overwhelming dependence on central transfers, as they suffer from serious fiscal disabilities due to historical and structural reasonsa fact that has been widely acknowledged by the successive finance commissions. Insofar as the pattern of central transfers to NES is concerned, unlike other major states in the country, these states used to receive the bulk of the central resources through grants outside the finance commission transfers, but this got changed in the Fourteenth Finance Commission award period. For instance, grants other than finance commission transfers constituted 57.1% of the total central transfers to these states during the Thirteenth Finance Commission award period, and this sharply declined to 34.8% in the Fourteenth Finance Commission award period, with their share in shareable taxes of the union government increasing correspondingly (Table 1, p 70).

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Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

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