ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

Green Revolution and the Yield Question


By analysing the yield data in the post green revolution period, the connection between productivity and green revolution technology is contested. Based on research conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, it is argued that the green revolution could not have been the only option for India in the mid-1960s.

Richa Kumars Indias Green Revolution and Beyond (EPW, 24 August 2019) provides an insightful peep into Indian agriculture in the pre-green revolution period (including pre-independence period). This article along with Stone (2019) raises serious doubts on the ship to mouth story, unavoidability of PL480 imports and the viewpoint that green revolution was necessary. Relying on the Planning Commission data, it asks a valid question as to why no one thought that there was (food security) crisis in 2009 when more than 40 years of green revolution, food availability per capita per annum was 162.1 kg, while in the so-called ship to mouth years in the pre-green revolution period it was 171.1 kg in 1961? In fact, during the last 18 years, 19892007, for which data on per capita availability of foodgrains has been provided by the Planning Commission, in only eight years, it exceeded per capita food availability in 1961 and for the other 10 years, almost continuously since the late 1990s, it was lower than that (Planning Commission nd).

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here


To gain instant access to this article (download).

INR 59

(Readers in India)

$ 6

(Readers outside India)

Published On : 12th Jan, 2024

Support Us

Your Support will ensure EPW’s financial viability and sustainability.

The EPW produces independent and public-spirited scholarship and analyses of contemporary affairs every week. EPW is one of the few publications that keep alive the spirit of intellectual inquiry in the Indian media.

Often described as a publication with a “social conscience,” EPW has never shied away from taking strong editorial positions. Our publication is free from political pressure, or commercial interests. Our editorial independence is our pride.

We rely on your support to continue the endeavour of highlighting the challenges faced by the disadvantaged, writings from the margins, and scholarship on the most pertinent issues that concern contemporary Indian society.

Every contribution is valuable for our future.