ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

The Politics of Inner Line Permit Extension to Manipur

The extension to Manipur of the Inner Line Permit by the Bharatiya Janata Party government at the centre is an attempt to weaken the anticipated strong protests in the state against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. It comes across as a ploy to weaken the forces that stand in the way of achieving the Hindutva agenda, and also, possibly a means to negotiate the Meiteis’ opposition to the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)’s intricate demand for Greater Nagalim.

The author acknowledges the comments and suggestions rendered by Susmita Sen Gupta, Department of Political Science, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong for the qualitative improvement of the article.

On 9 December 2019, Amit Shah, the home minister of India, announced on the floor of the Lok Sabha while introducing the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, (CAB)1 2019 that the Inner Line Permit (ILP) as provided in the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR), 1873 would be made applicable to Manipur. True to his words, the Government of India (GoI) swiftly notified the extension of the ILP to Manipur in the Gazette of India on 11 December 2019 (Bhalla 2019). Meanwhile, the Government of Manipur issued a notification on the same day of the home ministers announcement, for this was perceived as a historic development (Thockchom 2019). With this decision, Manipur achieved two objectives: First, the exemption of Manipur from the purview of the CAA as the act contains provisions for exemption from its purview the Sixth Schedule areas and ILP states, and second, the fulfilment of the long pending demand for the implementation of the ILP in the state.

The extension of the ILP to Manipur raises a number of questions. If the ILP can be easily extended, why did it take so long? Will it survive judicial scrutiny, if it is ever questioned in the court of law? And, what implications does it have for the tribes of the state? This article therefore tries to unravel these complexities of the extension of the ILP in Manipur.

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here


To gain instant access to this article (download).

INR 59

(Readers in India)

$ 6

(Readers outside India)

Published On : 20th Jan, 2024

Support Us

Your Support will ensure EPW’s financial viability and sustainability.

The EPW produces independent and public-spirited scholarship and analyses of contemporary affairs every week. EPW is one of the few publications that keep alive the spirit of intellectual inquiry in the Indian media.

Often described as a publication with a “social conscience,” EPW has never shied away from taking strong editorial positions. Our publication is free from political pressure, or commercial interests. Our editorial independence is our pride.

We rely on your support to continue the endeavour of highlighting the challenges faced by the disadvantaged, writings from the margins, and scholarship on the most pertinent issues that concern contemporary Indian society.

Every contribution is valuable for our future.