ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Many Meanings of Resilience

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India, with the second largest population in the world, has previously demonstrated success in combating contagions like polio and smallpox, with targeted local intervention strategies. However, the difference in its characteristics and mode of transmission makes COVID-19 a global challenge. COVID-19, the globally pervasive pandemic of the 21st century, has significantly exposed unfavourable adaptive practices and socially unjust outcomes, especially in South India. The understanding of resilience is significant in this context—resilience, as having significant merits in combating hazards, visible more recently through the outbreak of the COVID-19, has clear and novel implications.

As per socio-ecological system research, resilience is instrumental in addressing complex and adaptive ecosystem networks, as anthropocentric actions have made it impossible to view human and nature as discrete. Crawford Stanley Hollings in his 1973 article titled “Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems” defined resilience as the capacity of ecosystems to bounce back to their original state after being subjected to perturbations. Studies on adaptive practices were given importance to assess vulnerabilities in communities affected by climate change hazards and to design cost-effective mitigation policies. The resilience framework has also been applied to social impact studies, where adaptive practices in communities are portrayed as necessary traits for developing better management of resources and overall well-being. However, the central question that remains is: Can resilience become part of a feasible policy structure, when its attainment and challenges vary across the social classes?

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Updated On : 30th May, 2020

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