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Starvation Deaths Continue

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At least two more persons died of starvation in Jharkhand in the last month. This takes the total number of hunger deaths in the state to 17, since September 2017. The most recent victim is 45-year-old Kaleshwar Soren who died of hunger and destitution on 11 November 2018 in Mahuatanr village of Jama block of Dumka district. A fact-finding team of the Right to Food Campaign, Jharkhand found that the ration card of Soren’s family was cancelled as it was not linked with Aadhaar.

Soren lived in extreme deprivation, in a dilapidated kutcha house with no possessions except a wooden cot. Lack of adequate food and nutrition was routine for the family. Soren could barely manage to survive on the food given by neighbours. He had grown weak over the last couple of years and had stopped working. He had to mortgage the family’s agricultural land and sell off his pair of oxen to survive. Owing to persistent lack of food at home and unavailability of any means of earning, all his five children never went to school and had to seek work from an early age. His two older sons, who work as daily wagers in Rajasthan, were not allowed by the contractor to go back home even once in the last two years. They could not even visit after their father’s death.

The family’s priority ration card was cancelled in 2016 as it was not linked with the Aadhaar cards of the family members. Since then, the family did not receive grains under the public distribution system (PDS). According to the ration dealer, after the cancellation of the ration card, when Soren was asked to submit his Aadhaar card to get back on the ration list, he could not submit it as he had misplaced it. None of his children have an Aadhaar number. The mukhiya of the gram panchayat claimed to have given some grain to Soren worth ₹ 10,000 from the Khadyan Kosh (grain bank), which had been established to support vulnerable families. Even though the fact-finding team could not verify the claim, it shows how ineffective the government’s “solution” is.

Along with Soren’s, ration cards of 27 families in the same village were also cancelled in 2016. Twenty-six households were reinstated on the ration list a year after their card was cancelled, and after they submitted their Aadhaar and bank account details. Jian Kisku of the same vill­age, whose ration card was also cancelled in 2016, is yet to get back on the ration list as neither he nor his wife has Aadhaar.

Soren’s death comes close on the heels of the deaths of Moti Yadav of Margomunda block (Deoghar) on 1 November 2018 and Seeta Devi of Basia block (Gumla) on 25 October 2018. Yadav, who was visually impaired, died of destitution. He did not get a disability pension despite applying for it. Seventy-five-year-old Devi, who lived alone, starved to death as she did not have any food or cash at home before her death. Even though she had a ration card, she could not go to the ration shop in October to authenticate her identity due to illness. She was also denied her old-age pension, as her bank account was not linked with Aadhaar.

The 17 starvation deaths since September 2017 include eight Adivasis, four Dalits and five persons from backward communities. Contrary to the government’s claims, the immediate causes of these deaths include denial of foodgrains due to absence of a ration card, cancellation of ration cards not linked with Aadhaar, or Aadhaar-based biometric authentication failures. Denial of social security pensions and absence of work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act further contribute to the destitution of the starvation victims and their families. At least seven victims were eligible for social security pension, but were either not issued a pension or did not receive their pension due to administrative lapses or Aadhaar-related issues. The children of these families, with poor education, negligible access to health services and employment, are all staring at a bleak future.

The deaths also highlight the inadequate coverage of the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY). Most of these families, despite living in acute poverty, did not have an AAY ration card. To address the issue of hunger in the state, the Right to Food Campaign has been repeatedly demanding: (i) universalisation of PDS in rural areas to reduce exclusion errors; (ii) inclusion of pulses and edible oil in PDS; (iii) doing away with the mandatory requirement of Aadhaar in welfare programmes; (iv) universalisation of social security pensions; and (v) strict action against government officials whose lapses have caused these deaths. But, the state government continues to deny starvation as the cause of these deaths and has done nothing to reduce the alarming state of food insecurity in Jharkhand. It is worth noting that at least five persons have died of hunger since the government’s ann­ouncement of setting up the Khadyan Kosh at the gram panchayat level to support vulnerable households. Such token initiatives fail to ensure universal access to food security as a matter of right, and expose the government’s lack of commitment for the people’s right to food.

Right to Food

Jharkhand

Updated On : 23rd Nov, 2018

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