ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Land Conundrum

The Agriculture Census 2015–16 establishes that structural constraints continue to exacerbate the agrarian crisis.

The provisional results of the Agriculture Census 2015–16, confirm the persisting trend of fragmentation of landholdings and their skewed distribution across size classes. As the size of the landholding itself is a significant factor determining the sustainability of farm incomes, these provisional results are significant pointers that corroborate the observed signs of agrarian distress and simmering discontent in the rural heartlands across India.

According to the Agriculture Census 2015–16, the total area under farming in India declined from 159.59 million hectares in 2010–11 to 157.14 million hectares in 2015–16. At the same time, the number of operational holdings increased by 5.33%, from 138 million in 2010–11 to 146 million in 2015–16. Thus, the average size of operational holdings in India declined from 1.15 hectares to 1.08 hectares, reflecting the pressure of the increasing farming population on agricultural land, which is a critical factor of production that is also limited in supply.

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Updated On : 22nd Oct, 2018

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