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The Draft CRZ Notification, 2018

Contested Coasts

The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change has proposed to replace the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification (2011) with an overhauled coastal regulatory framework. The process and the contents of this proposed draft indicate a top–down approach favouring limited interests. It writes out large sections of vulnerable populations facing uncertainties of livelihood, climate change, and extreme weather events. The proposed framework fails to address the weaknesses of the 2011 notification. Rather, it threatens to weaken existing safeguards and further entrench the vulnerability of coastal populations.

There have been efforts to protect the coastal areas of India since 1991. Till date, there have been two iterations of the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification (CRZ Notification)—in 1991 and 2011—which have themselves been amended, interpreted, and modified several times. The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has now proposed a new draft CRZ Notification to replace the existing legal framework, based on the recommendations of the Shailesh Nayak Committee.1 It is worthwhile at this point to reflect on the experience so far. This article focuses on the role and the experience of the public in the shaping of the CRZ regulatory framework. It is argued here that in the process and provisions of the 2018 draft notification, the proactive involvement of the public is conspicuous by its absence.

The Experience So Far

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Updated On : 23rd Aug, 2018

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