ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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New Dimensions in Cross-border Trade

Border Haats

A unique initiative by the governments of India, Bangladesh and Myanmar, “border haats” have been introduced to facilitate cross-border trade, curb informal channels of trade and improve the livelihood patterns of people living adjacent to international borders. The impact of the operational modalities of two such haats along the India–Bangladesh border is analysed.

The north-eastern region (NER)1 is the only region in India which shares more of its borders with other Asian countries than with India itself. The north-eastern states are landlocked and are connected to the rest of the country by a narrow land corridor of 27 kilometres, which skirts Bangladesh, with each state in the North East sharing an international border with one or the other Asian countries (De and Majumdar 2014). Macroeconomic data on the NER indicates that except for a few years, the state domestic product for the region has been consistently lower than the national average. The structure of the state income of the region is characterised by low levels of manufacturing and non-governmental activities, which have resulted in a heavy dependence of the population on the agriculture sector. Poor infrastructure and governance, along with low productivity and market access are the major reasons for the lack of development of the region. As a result, the region has remained laggard in terms of major economic indicators, relative to the national average over the years.

Border Livelihoods

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Updated On : 19th Mar, 2018
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