ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Framework for Issuing, Using, and Validating Identification Documents

Identity frauds and organised crimes are facilitated when identification documents are not based on a compelling logical framework. Unfortunately, most identification documents are issued ad hoc and through a confusion of approaches, technologies and intentions. A logically compelling framework for the issue of identity or address documents is discussed along with the consequences for the individuals, organisation, nation and the world at large when identity documents are not issued on any such framework.

With the world population crossing six billion and people becoming highly mobile, there is a frequent need to identify individuals. Information technology, with its spread and prowess, has increasingly been seen as a savior to identify the billions on the planet (Camp 2004; Lenter and Parycek 2015).

There have been debates and controversies over the issue of identity and address documents in almost every country in the world (London School of Economics 2005). Politics, convenience, and expediency have dominated the debate across different countries. The notion of identification has itself been confused by digital technologies to mean a hashed computer signature of some information, rather than verifying the person-defining characters of the person being identified. It is, however, widely accepted that by issuing certified documents of identification, government authorities create an “official” identity for those receiving them (Hornung and Robnagel 2010). The need for a logically compelling framework for the issue of identification documents, however, has been completely missed.

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