ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Contract Teachers in India

The political economy of managing the contract teacher cadre has proved difficult, with protests, strikes, anger and court cases consuming teacher as well as administrative time and resources, while doing little to build stability and effectiveness inside classrooms. Indeed, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh--two of the earliest adopters of contract teachers--have either reversed or significantly modified their policy of hiring teachers on contract. A study conducted in nine states --Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh--examines how widespread is the practice of hiring contract teachers across states; to what extent does the profile of the average contract teacher differ from that of regular teachers; what have been the challenges faced by states in meeting their enrolment goals using contract teachers from a political-economy perspective; and how sustainable is the practice of hiring contract teachers.



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