ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Indo-Japan Memorandum on Civil Nuclear Cooperation

Concerns and Challenges

India and Japan have reportedly reached a preliminary understanding to sign a civil nuclear cooperation agreement after certain technical details are finalised. However domestic politics of Japan, anti-nuclear groups and India’s reluctance to join the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty are some of the concerns that would have to be addressed before the deal is finalised.

Japans in principle agreement to conclude a civil nuclear cooperation with India during Prime Minister Shinzo Abes New Delhi visit in December 2015 is being viewed as a major diplomatic breakthrough towards signing the long pending deal. It may be noted that it was Japan and Australia, two of the United States two plus two strategic partners, who had shown reluctance to sign the nuclear cooperation agreement with India despite the Indo-US nuclear deal signed in 2006 that granted a waiver to India by the Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG) to undertake nuclear technology trade outside the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime. In line with the Indo-US nuclear deal a number of countries considering their business interests in Indian nuclear market had signed similar deals with New Delhi one after the other.  Australia and Japan were reluctant to sign the deal with India despite the waiver granted by the NSG and were of the view that doing so would undermine the NPT regime.

Addressing Trust Deficit

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