ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Demographic Change and the Environment

Though there is a fair understanding of the ways in which India's population is changing as well as of the social and economic implications of these changes, little attention has so far been paid to its possible environmental impact. This article attempts to understand how the changing demographic trends have affected the environment and seeks to identify measures both to mitigate environmental damage as well as increase resource use efficiency.

India has 2.4% of the world’s geographical area and is home to nearly 17% of the world’s population. The demographic trends such as increase in the total population, changing age structure, change in household size, distribution and size of urban population across various segments, etc, have seriously affected the environment. Demographic trends are not uniform across the country with states like Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Rajasthan witnessing above average growth rate and others experiencing a decline. This article attempts to understand the linkage of changing demographic trends and its potential environmental impact in India.

Demographic Change

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