A+| A| A-

Are BIMARU States Still Bimaru?

Ashish Bose coined the acronym BIMARU in the early 1980s to describe the backwardness of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh relative to the best-performing states in terms of demographic indicators. This article extends Bose's analysis to recent years to ascertain if the proposition is still valid. To retain the integrity of the original exercise, the same indicators examined by Bose have been analysed, as far as possible. It fi nds that the BIMARU states have made a lot of progress, yet they continue to be bimaru as the gap between them and the national average persists in a majority of indicators.

To read the full text Login

Get instant access

New 3 Month Subscription
to Digital Archives at

₹826for India

$50for overseas users

Comments

(-) Hide

EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear. A comment, if suitable, may be selected for publication in the Letters pages of EPW.

India’s health system is dominated by the private sector and as a result, out-of-pocket expenditure is very high. To provide financial risk...

The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, now the union territory of J&K, attained 100% open defecation free status in September 2018, well...

This study attempts to quantify the impact of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act programme on the level and pattern of...

Financing health expenditure through health insurance is currently gaining significance as a strong social policy in countries like India where...

Unemployment among the young increased sharply as the gap between labour absorption and labour supply widened in India during 2012–18. During this...

The mandatory measles–rubella (MR) vaccination drive initiated in schools by the Indian government in October 2019 has raised questions regarding...

The real value added in the Indian manufacturing sector for the period 2011–12 to 2016–17 is measured using the double defl ation approach. It is...

The trend in milk productivity and its association with breed improvement, feeding and animal husbandry practices, and effi ciency in dairy...

Using evidences from the Sample Registration System and the third and fourth rounds of the National Family Health Survey, this article shows that...

India continues to be the largest recipient of remittances across the world, with a tremendous growth in private unrequited transfers from just ₹...

Back to Top