ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Mahuva Andolan of Gujarat

Judicialisation of Politics and Protests

The Mahuva Andolan against the construction of a cement plant by Nirma on ecologically sensitive wetlands highlights the limitations of the people’s protest amid the state government’s focus on industrialisation at any cost. 

Why Study Mahuva Andolan[i]

Since the beginning of the twenty first century, India has witnessed more protests against the environmental degradation and land acquisition than any social or political issues per se. Though land acquisition for industrial development has been going on in Gujarat on a large scale, not many protests have taken place in the state.Since 2003, the state has been organising the “Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors Summit”, to attract investment from both domestic and international industrial houses.  Between 2008 and 2011, about 78,838 hectares of pastureland, wasteland and fallow land was allocated by the Gujarat government to various industries (Sandesh 2011). This has altered the land use pattern significantly, and the state today faces a huge deficit of pastureland for its 24,728,000-strong cattle population (Indian Express 2010).

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