ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Price of a Missed Opportunity

Maoist Defeat in Nepal

Organisational issues, adjustment with the status quo and tactical errors resulted in the Nepali Maoists gaining an unfavourable image among the electorate in the second Constituent Assembly elections. This resulted in a humiliating defeat. If the Maoists reorient themselves to mass struggle and develop ideological clarity, they can work to retain most of the progressive features of the draft Constitution, nearly agreed upon in the first CA.

The results of the elections to the second Constituent Assembly (CA) of Nepal 2013 stunned the world and the Nepali Maoists in particular. Nobody had imagined that the party which emerged the largest in the 2008 CA elections with 229 seats will now emerge third in 2013 with only 80 seats. Previously, the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or UCPN(M) had more legislators than the combined strength of the Nepali Congress (NC) and the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist [CPN(UML)] who had managed 223 seats in total. Now the Maoists’ strength has shrunk to be more than half of the NC-UML tally of 175 seats.

How did the Maoists suffer such a humiliating defeat in such a short period? Was this only due to “poll rigging” as they have claimed? What are the reasons behind their defeat?

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