ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Vulnerability, Forced Migration and Trafficking in Children and Women

A Field View from the Plantation Industry in West Bengal

This gives space to organised crime to lure a large number of women and children to distant places on the pretext of providing them with jobs, which almost invariably leads to exploitation at a later stage. The findings of this study, done in 12 sick and closed tea gardens in Jalpaiguri district, demonstrate the close link between vulnerabilities, migration, and trafficking in children and women. It also suggests there have been changes in the nature of human trafficking in the country, calling for a new policy perspective on the issue.

This study was sponsored by Save the Children and UNICEF in 2011. I am grateful to them and the volunteers of two peer teams, Rural Aid and Life Line Foundation, for cooperation and help in conducting the research. Amit Hazra of Visva-Bharati University helped in analysing participatory rural appraisal data. I greatly appreciate the comments of an anonymous referee on an earlier version of this paper.

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