ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Expansion and Outreach

Revival of Rural Public Distribution System

This paper quantifies the improvements in the public distribution system in rural India after 2004-05 using data from three rounds of surveys conducted by the National Sample Survey. It finds that Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh continue to be the leading performers, but early movers such as Odisha saw improvements in the functioning of the PDS between 2004-05 and 2009-10. In late movers such as Bihar and Jharkhand, improvement was evident between 2009-10 and 2011-12. The paper also estimates a seemingly unrelated regression model to quantify changes in the shares of consumption from the market, the PDS and home produce across states over the three rounds. The share of the PDS as a source of rice and wheat has increased over time, suggesting an improvement in its outreach.

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