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A Study of Maharashtra

Medical Self-Regulation

The 25 state medical councils and the apex body, the Medical Council of India, were set up to regulate practitioners registered with them. However, the self-regulatory bodies themselves often made news by getting mired in corrupt activities. Taking the case of the Maharashtra Medical Council as an illustration, this article discusses how it emerged from the controversies surrounding it and also looks at how it can better its functioning.

The 25 state medical councils and the apex body, the Medical Council of India, were set up to regulate practitioners registered with them. However, the self-regulatory bodies themselves often made news by getting mired in corrupt activities. Taking the case of the Maharashtra Medical Council as an illustration, this article discusses how it emerged from the controversies surrounding it and also looks at how it can better its functioning.

Established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933 the Medical Council of India (MCI) is the apex medical self-regulatory body in India. Besides the MCI there are 25 state medical councils and together with similar councils for dental and non-allopathic practitioners these work as primarily independent and quasi-judicial bodies; these councils are constituted by representatives from the respective state governments and elected members from the profession.

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