ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Socio-economic Profile of Muslims in Maharashtra

Socio-economic Profile of Muslims in Maharashtra

A socio-economic profi le of Muslims in Maharashtra commissioned by the Maharashtra State Minority Commission indicates dismal conditions on the social, economic and educational fronts as also poor representation in the legislature and the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service cadres.

Muslims have contributed richly to Maharashtra’s multicultural milieu. However, the Rajinder Sachar Committee Report of 2006 pointed out that the condition of Muslims here is such that it needs the special attention of the state’s adminsitration. Seven surveys commissioned by the Maharashtra State Minority Commission to the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Nirmala Niketan’s College of Social Work (Mumbai University) and the Research Centre for Women’s Studies of the SNDT Women’s University that were submitted in 2011 discovered that a very large proportion of Muslims live in dismal economic conditions. Nearly one-third of the respondents in the TISS research reported an annual household income of less than Rs 10,000, 24.4% between Rs 10,001 and Rs 20,000, 7.5% between Rs 20,001 and Rs 30,000, 3.8% between Rs 30,001 and Rs 40,000, 1% between Rs 40,001 and Rs 50,000 and 5.6% above Rs 50,000. In recent years, a limited occupational diversification is noticed among the educated middle-class Muslims in the cities of the state due to new openings in the information technology (IT) and construction industry.

As per the Census 2011, Parbhani and Nanded districts had 30% Muslim population while Malegaon and Bhiwandi are Muslim majority cities. Mumbra and Kashi mira in Thane district are emerging as new hubs for economic activities, technical education institutions and community work among Muslims. The Malegaon block of Nashik district shows the highest percentage of Muslims (42.5%) followed by Bhiwandi in Thane (35.8%), Nanded (26.5 %), Aurangabad (25.5%) and Parbhani (25.1%). Marathwada as a region betrays a story of neglect. In Malegaon the Muslims are mainly concentrated in the urban area (70.96%) as compared to the rural areas (3.6%). Among the tehsils, the highest percentage of Muslims is found in Shrivardhan tehsil of Raigad district (20.26%), and percentages are nearly similar in both rural and urban areas. In Vidarbha region, in Akola, Yavatmal and Amaravati Muslims constitute 8.3% of the total population (Kulkarni and Alagarajan 2005).

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