ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
-A A +A

How Do Government and Private Schools Differ?

This paper uses primary survey data from government and private schools in the two states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to explore systematic differences between the two school types. Although private schools have higher raw mean scores than government schools, after controlling for observed student and school characteristics the private school advantage in test scores is not robust. The sources of private school advantage lie in the types of students choosing these schools, lower pupil teacher ratios and much lower teacher salaries. Private schools have seven to eight times lower teacher salaries but do not differ systematically in infrastructure and teacher effort from government schools. Given the large salary differential, private schools are more cost effective although quality of education is low in both school types.

Subscribers please login to access full text of the article.

New 3 Month Subscription
to Digital Archives at

649for India

$20for overseas users

Get instant access to the complete EPW archives

Subscribe now

Comments

(-) Hide

EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear. A comment, if suitable, may be selected for publication in the Letters pages of EPW.

Back to Top