ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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How Do Government and Private Schools Differ?

This paper uses primary survey data from government and private schools in the two states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to explore systematic differences between the two school types. Although private schools have higher raw mean scores than government schools, after controlling for observed student and school characteristics the private school advantage in test scores is not robust. The sources of private school advantage lie in the types of students choosing these schools, lower pupil teacher ratios and much lower teacher salaries. Private schools have seven to eight times lower teacher salaries but do not differ systematically in infrastructure and teacher effort from government schools. Given the large salary differential, private schools are more cost effective although quality of education is low in both school types.

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