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Sixth Assembly Elections in Goa

Sixth Assembly Elections in Goa

failed to open its account. Five inde- Sixth Assembly Elections in Goa pendent candidates were elected to the Asingle day poll for 40 assembly seats in Goa was held on 3 March 2012. At nearly 83%, the voters


failed to open its account. Five inde-

Sixth Assembly Elections in Goa

pendent candidates were elected to the

single day poll for 40 assembly seats in Goa was held on 3 March 2012. At nearly 83%, the voters’ turnout in this sixth general election since Goa became a state was the highest ever and 12 points higher than the previous assembly election in 2007. Women outnumbered men on voting day by a wide margin of 6 percentage points. The number of contestants rose to 215, an increase of 6% over the last assembly election (Table 1A).

The main contest in this election was between the incumbent Indian National Congress-Nationalist Congress Party (Congress-NCP) alliance and the Bharatiya Janata Party-Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (BJP-MGP) alliance which was formed on the eve of the elections. Another pre-poll formation in the fray was the alliance between the Goa Vikas Party (GVP), a new entrant, and the United Goans Democratic Party (UGDP).

The fi nal outcome of the election saw the BJP-MGP alliance emerge victorious over the Congress-NCP alliance by a decisive margin. The BJP-MGP alliance finished on top with 24 seats, and a vote share of 41%. Twenty-one seats were won by the BJP alone. While the BJP increased its seat tally by seven seats compared to the previous election, its vote share went up by 4 percentage points. The MGP on the other hand gained one seat but lost 2% votes compared to 2007. The Congress slumped to its worst-ever defeat in Goa managing to win only nine seats, a loss of seven seats since 2007. Its alliance partner NCP, which had three members in the last assembly, drew a blank. While the Congress secured 31% of the vote, the NCP ended up garnering 4%. GVP won two seats while the UGDP new assembly. The combined vote share garnered by the 72 independent candidates who contested the election was nearly 17% (Table 1B).

The electoral wave in favour of the BJP-MGP alliance was strongest in North Goa where the alliance won 16 of the 23 seats and secured nearly 50% of the vote, 15 percentage points ahead of the Congress-NCP alliance. In South Goa too, where most Goan Catholics are concentrated and where the Congress has traditionally done well, the BJP increased not just its vote share but also ended up winning more seats than the Congress. The performance of independent candidates in South Goa was also impressive with three emerging winners (Table 2).

CSDS did not carry out any post-poll survey for Goa.

Table 1B: Summary Results: Seats Contested, Won and Votes Secured by Major Parties and Alliances, Compared to the Assembly Election (2007)

Seats Contested Seats Won Gain/Loss of Seats since 2007 Vote Share (%) Vote % Per Seat Contested Vote Swing since 2007 (% Points)
Indian National Congress+ (INC+) 40 9 -10 34.86 34.86 -2.41
Indian National Congress (INC) 33 9 -7 30.78 36.98 -1.47
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 7 0 -3 4.08 24.35 -0.94

Bharatiya Janata Party+ (BJP+) 35 24 +8 41.40 47.02 +2.43

Table 1A: Summary Electoral Participation: Electorate, Turnout and Number of Candidates Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 28 21 +7 34.68 49.59 +4.36

Compared to the Assembly Election (2007)

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak

Assembly Change

Party (MGP) 7 3 +1 6.72 37.10 -1.93

Election 2012 from 2007 (%)

Goa Vikas Party + (GVP+) 16 2 +1 4.67 11.03 -0.37

Total electorate 10,26,306 +1.6

Goa Vikas Party (GVP) 9 2 +2 3.50 14.68 +3.50

Male electorate 5,11,111 +1.0

United Goans Democratic Party (UGDP) 7 0 -1 1.17 6.32 -3.87

Female electorate 5,15,195 +2.0

All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 20 0 0 1.81 3.56 +1.81

Total voters 8,48,861 +19.1

Others 32 0 -2 0.59 --8.93

Total turnout 82.7% +12.2

Independents 72 5 +3 16.67 -+7.47

Male turnout 79.7% +10.0

Total 215 40 0 100 -0

Female turnout 86.0% +15.8

(1) “Others” in 2012 include Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Janata Dal (United), Shiv Sena,

Number of candidates 215 +6.4

Republican Party of India (A) and other parties. “Others” in 2007 included Communist Party of India, Communist Party of For electorate, voters and candidates the change is India (Marxist), Janata Dal (Secular), Shiv Sena, Save Goa Front, Republican Party of India (A), and other parties. in %, with 2007 as the base. Change in turnout is (2) BJP and MGP contested separately and not as an alliance in 2007 but for purposes of comparison with 2012, their vote computed in percentage points, compared to turnout share and seats have been added up. in 2007. (3) GVP is a new party and did not contest in 2007. Source: Figures available from the official website of (4) GVP and UGDP contested separately and not as an alliance in 2007 but for purposes of comparison with 2012, their vote the chief electoral officer, Goa,, share and seats have been added up. and Election Commission of India website http://eci. (5) AITC did not contest in 2007.; accessed on 9 March 2012; Data aggregated and Source: Detailed constituency level results downloaded from Election Commission of India website; recomputed by CSDS data unit. accessed on 9 March2012. Data aggregated and recomputed by CSDS data unit.

Table 2: Region-wise Analysis: Turnout and Performance of Major Parties in the Assembly Election (2012)
RegionNorth Goa Total Seats 23 Turnout (%) 84.9 Congress Won Vote (%) 5 30.9 BJP Won Vote (%) 13 40.2 NCP Won Vote (%) 0 4.2 MGP Won Vote (%) 3 9.3 UGDP Won Vote (%) 0 0.1 GVP Won Vote (%) 0 0.0 Independents Won Vote (%) 2 12.8 OthersWon Vote (%) 0 2.5
South Goa 17 79.9 4 30.6 8 27.1 0 3.9 0 3.2 0 2.7 2 0.0 3 22.0 0 10.6
Total 40 82.7 9 30.8 21 34.7 0 4.1 3 6.7 0 1.2 2 3.5 5 16.7 0 2.4
“Others” in this table and in Table 2B include other smaller parties. Source: As in Table 1B.
Economic & Political Weekly april 7, 2012 vol xlviI no 14 87

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