ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Madariya Sufi Silsila: Distinctive Characteristics and Relations with the Indian Powers

The indigenous rulers tolerated the religious activities of the Madariya Sufi community - the order that originated in north India during the second half of the 14th century - and gave it a free hand in performing its own religious rites. This study of the community throws light on various aspects of Madariya Sufis, viz, their origins, growth and diversification of the order, their contrasting lifestyles, and their religious congregations. It traces the vicissitudes of the evolution of the Madariya order as well as its transition from an embattled group of warriors to a peaceful syncretic sect embedded in the rural population of 19th and 20th century India.

The primary sources of the National Archives of India, New Delhi, West Bengal State Archives, Kolkata, Uttar Pradesh State Archives, Lucknow, Allahabad Regional Archives and Bangladesh National Archives, Dhaka and the oral interviews taken by the author with the Sajjadanashins of Shah Madar have been used here. The project was nanced by the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi and the Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi.

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