ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Just Ends through Just Means: Justice as Liberty, Equality, Solidarity

Our understanding of justice must be inclusive of the fourfold context, i e, justice as virtue, justice as equitable exchange, distributive justice and social justice. Thus, the virtue of the righteous person must carry over into equitable relationships, which, in turn, must sustain this virtue. Together these must facilitate just distributive social institutions and set the norms and values for just social structures, even as these structures must bring about fair distribution and just institutions, sustained by equitable relationships and personal virtue.

This paper is based on a presentation made at Jawaharlal Nehru U niversity on “Social Justice in India: Theory, Movement, Institutions and Policy” during 15-17 January 2009. It is part of a larger work in progress on reservations and minority rights in India to be published by Penguin.

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