ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Conflict and Suffering: Survivors of Carnages in 1984 and 2002

Even though these were separated by 18 years of history, there is tragically a great deal in common between the communal massacres that played out on the streets of Delhi in 1984 and in settlements and bye-lanes across Gujarat in 2002. This paper documents some of the findings of the research conducted with survivors of these two major pogroms over more than a year in the widows' colony established by the Delhi government in Tilak Vihar and in four of the worst-hit districts of Gujarat. It examines the paths of suffering, renegotiation and healing separately for the direct victims and the vicariously affected.

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Conflict and Suffering: Survivors of Carnages in 1984 and 2002

Harsh Mander

Even though these were separated by 18 years of history, there is tragically a great deal in common between the communal massacres that played out on the streets of Delhi in 1984 and in settlements and bye-lanes across Gujarat in 2002. This paper documents some of the findings of the research conducted with survivors of these two major pogroms over more than a year in the widows’ colony established by the Delhi government in Tilak Vihar and in four of the worst-hit districts of Gujarat. It examines the paths of suffering, renegotiation and healing separately for the direct victims and the vicariously affected.

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