ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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From 50 Years Ago: From A Socialist Plan to a Swatantra Programme.

Editorial from Vol XII, Nos 23, 24 and 25, June 1960.

LIKE Janus, a-middle-of-the-road party like the Congress has to look both to the Right and Left simultaneously…One of the ways in which the Congress has sought to meet this difficulty in the past is to try to take the wind out of the sails of the opposition. In the last decade, when the Praja-Socialist and Com-munist parties threatened to become power-ful, the Congress adopted some of the poli-cies advocated by them and made the ideal of a socialistic pattern of society the basis for its plan for economic development…It is no doubt true that with the Prime Minister and some of his close lieutenants, the socialistic pattern of society is an article of faith, and it has influenced considerably the size and shape of the Second Five Year Plan. But the fact remains that, with a large number of oth-er Congress leaders… the ideal of a socialistic pattern has been more a convenience than an article of faith… …the Swatantra party is gaining strength as the main opposition party to be contended with in the next few years, quite a large number of Congress leaders, with the excep-tion, of course, of the Prime Minister and his close associates, are bent upon taking the wind out of the sails of the Swatantra party… The result is that the Third Five Year Plan is being increasingly influenced by the ideals of the Swatantra party…

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