ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Distressed Neighbours

The mechanism of the IWT was, thus, Distressed Neighbours ineffective in resolving the issues raised by Pakistan, one of the signatories, to its satisfaction. The government of India, Pavan Nair which is in the process of reviewing its The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed by Jawaharlal Nehru and Ayub Khan in 1960 after protracted negotiations which lasted over a decade. It is interesting to note that during the entire period, not a single project was envisaged on any of the three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) finally allocated to Pakistan. It seems that an agreement-inprinciple had been reached by the leaders and the details were left to the appointed functionaries for negotiation and discussion. Here lies the crux of the matter.

 

The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed by Jawaharlal Nehru and Ayub Khan in 1960 after protracted negotiations which lasted over a decade. It is interesting to note that during the entire period, not a single project was envisaged on any of the three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) finally allocated to Pakistan. It seems that an agreement-in-principle had been reached by the leaders and the details were left to the appointed functionaries for negotiation and discussion. Here lies the crux of the matter. If the western rivers were allocated to Pakistan for “unrestricted” (Article III 1) use just as the eastern rivers were allocated to India, then any major project on any of these rivers would be a cause of concern to Pakistan, especially if it involved control of flow. It is in keeping with this basic premise that India was allowed to construct “Run-of-the-River” projects, which would not impede the flow of water. Unfortunately run-of-the-river is not defi ned in the IWT and the Indian position is that even large dams come under the generic definition of the term. This is a matter for consideration and debate and is a part of the larger debate on dams.

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