ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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From Kosovo to Georgia: The US, NATO and Russia

Separatist movements across the globe are demanding self-determination and independence, prompting major powers who are seeking geopolitical advantage to intervene in these regions. The endorsement of Kosovo's independence by the United States and the recent conflict between Georgia and Russia over separatists in South Ossetia have set precedents for others. If the major powers continue to involve themselves in such issues, there is the danger of the tensions deepening and spreading to a wider canvas.

hitting targets in Serbia (besides Serbian units in Kosovo), the same rationale could be used for a strike on Georgia. For legitimacy, they also had the 1992 Sochi agreement, which gives the Russians the mandate to keep the peace in the province of South Ossetia.4 In the case of Kosovo, NATO had pointed out that military interference was necessary due to Serbias loss of sovereignty over the region. Now the Russians had the point that Georgia had lost its right of exercising sovereignty over South Ossetia; the latest provocation being proof that it was not possible for Ossetians to live under Georgian rule. Besides, in a referendum held in November 2006, around 99 per cent of South Ossetians voted for independence from Georgia. All this facilitated Medvedevs massive counter-attack on Georgia by Russian troops.

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