ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Way Out in Zimbabwe

Robert Mugabe’s authoritarianism takes Zimbabwe into a downward spiral.

From a freedom fighter, who led Zimbabwe’s movement for independence f rom Brit ish colonialism, to a r uler wit h an iron fist refusing to honour democratic commitments, president Robert Mugabe has come a long way. Mugabe now presides over a Zimbabwe whose economy is in a tailspin with raging hyper­ inflation (in more than a million percentage points), 80 per cent unemployment, food and essential commodity shortages and a nation wrecked by continuous violence unleashed by members of Mugabe’s party, Zimbabwe African National Union­Patriotic Front (ZANU­PF).

Following impressive social and developmental gains in the early years of liberated rule, Zimbabwe under Mugabe followed a reform programme with guidance from the International Monetary Fund, a move that ultimately resulted in hardship for the vast poor and black majority. Faced with elections in 2000, Mugabe embarked upon land seizure from minority white farmers who controlled large farms in a profitable export­oriented cash crop economy. The government then redistributed this land to the poor

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