ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Nature of Household Dependence on Common Pool Resources: An Empirical Study

Some recent studies on forest-based common pool resources have interpreted situations in which households choose to spend time on collection from the forest commons for sale and value addition as an income enhancing activity that is independent of the common's role as a safety net. This paper tests for the hypothesis by distinguishing between non-timber forest produce for sale and for self-consumptions, using the National Sample Survey Organisation data for a sample of 78,000 households in Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. It finds that households collecting only for sale purposes are not likely to be income poor. They may collect because they have more secure property rights, greater access to forests and/or markets and may even be asset rich.

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