ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Management of Protected Areas

Protected areas that are surrounded by a large human population within and outside the sanctuary need to be managed keeping in mind not just the ecological requirements but also the livelihood needs of local communities. While the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 does provide for people's rights within sanctuaries, policies regarding protected areas must encourage a partnership between these communities and government agencies.

E xperiences from a number of developing economies suggest that none of the pre-conceived, blue-print solutions may work across different protected areas (PAs), though it may have worked in the situations of wilderness [Chopra 1998]. The choice of PA-management approach therefore, has to be in tune with the location-specific situation-ecological, socio-economicpolitical and financial [Perrings 2000]. Time specificity is also important in this context. The present paper explores the possibility of linking conservation with peoples livelihood needs in the context of Gir Protected Area in western India.

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