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From 50 Years Ago: Cold War Comes to Kashmir.

Editorial from Volume IX, No 8, February 23, 1957.

By vetoing the four-Power resolution on Kashmir, Russia has made amends for her initial stand on the January resolution on this issue. Despite the sad fate of the original resolution, the four sponsoring powers do not seem to be wiser. Though the new four-Power resolution excludes some of the obnoxious elements included in the original one, the prompt action of the four sponsoring powers, in introducing a fresh resolution immediately after the Russian veto, emphasises the ulterior designs of the main sponsors of the resolutions on Kashmir. From their repeated efforts, it is clear that the main two sponsoring powers are determined to exploit the Kashmir situation, irrespective of the ominous consequences of “re-agitating” this issue. From the aggressive roles played by Britain and America in sponsoring resolutions on Kashmir in quick succession, the conclusion is inescapable that both these big Powers are interested in exploiting the Kashmir problem as a weapon to fight the “cold war”.

As the main sponsors of the original fourPower resolution on Kashmir, Britain and America cannot deny allegations of ulterior motives. From an analysis of the initial resolution, the motives of the main sponsoring powers would seem to be clear. Their motive was to ensure assumption of control over Kashmir by a force of the United Nations. This may be one of Britain’s ways of taking revenge on India for the latter’s active role in the United Nations on the issue of the Anglo-French aggression against Egypt. But, in their eager determination to take diplomatic revenge, the main sponsoring powers of the original resolution ignored its blatant contradictions. It is difficult to appreciate the sense or justification behind the original suggestion for a UN force to be stationed temporarily in Kashmir to ensure demilitarisation as a prelude to the holding of a plebiscite.

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