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From 50 Years Ago: Wrong U N Policy.

Editorial from Volume IX, No's 3,4 & 5, January 1957.

Major issues of world peace are involved in the Security Council’s hasty and unwise resolution on Kashmir. Korea, Indo-China and Germany remain divided. The “situation” in Kashmir persists. Whether or not the parties directly concerned in all these threats to peace are to blame, the United Nations cannot disown responsibility for the continuing tension in all these areas. Without unification of Korea and Indo-China and Germany, world peace will not be firmly secured. Kashmir remains a source of irritation between India and Pakistan. For years, the United Nations have been seized of these problems. Time and time again, each and all of these problems, excluding Germany, have been discussed by the Security Council. Over and over again, the Security Council has been dogmatic that each and all these problems will have to be solved through free and fair elections under the auspices of the United Nations. A plebiscite or a referendum may be an essential condition of solution of each of these issues. But it becomes increasingly obvious that the Security Council, in its exaggerated conception of its function, has ignored one of the fundamental principles of the Charter.

Under Article One of the Charter, the United Nations are under an obligation to exercise a harmonising influence on the parties to a dispute. There is, therefore, a prime duty of the United Nations to urge and to encourage the parties to a dispute to settle the issue through direct, bilateral negotiation. Korea, Indo-China and Germany remain disunited because the United Nations have made no attempt to encourage direct negotiations between the parties concerned. There are other valid reasons why a plebiscite can, or need, no longer be held in Kashmir. But one of the main reasons why India cannot arrange a referendum in Kashmir is that, as envisaged by both Karachi and the Security Council, it will have to be held under the auspices of the United Nations. This means the deployment and functioning of foreign troops, as the United Nations have no separate police force, in and near Indian territory. India has repeatedly informed the Security Council that she is opposed to holding a plebiscite in Kashmir under such conditions.

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