From 50 Years Ago: Socialism of Soil.

Editorial from Volume IX, No's 3,4 & 5, January, 1957. 

The date of publication of this issue has been advanced by a few days to make it clear that it is the Annual, and not the Republic Number, as also to be able to handle the production of what is for a small organisation a big-sized job. The Republic Day illuminations and the crowds, and the day of Gandhiji’s martyrdom that comes in their wake, even before the scaffoldings erected for fixing the lights have been taken down from the public buildings – they follow in quick succession in the gestation period when the Number is in the press, and disturb the serenity which is needed to fix one’s sights on the horizon. Yet on an occasion like this, one should not be parochial, nor concerned overmuch with the immediate present. The first is a little difficult after the rebuff India got from the Security Council of the United Nations over the Kashmir issue and the second nearly impossible when the elections are drawing near and the Second Plan is encountering heavy weather in the very first year.

India wants to live and move with the world, her efforts to build a bridge of peace must continue. Her foreign policy may not have won her many valuable friends, but does it need to be vindicated because of that? World peace can be maintained only as long as the major powers choose to maintain it. India is not a major world power. Even so, small powers can, singly or jointly, exert moral pressure so that major powers desist from disturbing peace. Despite the ‘hydrogen’ stalemate, Egypt and Hungary are reminders of the need for disinterested, detached small powers, including India, to function as sources of mediation between the conflicting interests.

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