ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
-A A +A


The novel, Chha Mana Atha Guntha by Fakir Mohan Senapati heralds the inauguration of the age of modern Oriya prose. The novel, widely praised for its "realism", combines an ironic, reflexive, seemingly "postmodern" narrative style with the analytical spirit of a work of social inquiry, unearthing causes that lie beneath superficial phenomena. The importance of such foundationally original works as Chha Mana derives not only from their intrinsic literary merit but even more from their pioneering innovativeness, which can be fully appreciated only in the evolving historical context of that literature. Fakir Mohan Senapati himself stands at the source of one of the two broad lines of development of the early Indian novel, the realistic-satirical, just as Bankim Chandra Chatterji stood at the head of the other line, the historical-romantic.

Subscribers please login to access full text of the article.

New 3 Month Subscription
to Digital Archives at

826for India

$50for overseas users

Get instant access to the complete EPW archives

Subscribe now


(-) Hide

EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear. A comment, if suitable, may be selected for publication in the Letters pages of EPW.

Back to Top