ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Ambivalence of Social Consciousness

In the latter half of the 19th century, a social consciousness increasingly characterised by ambivalence began to emerge in the wake of the colonial encounter. The dominant response to the British presence came to be one that felt the pain of subjection, understood the fundamentally baneful character of the alien dispensation and paradoxically, hailed that dispensation as the harbinger of national regeneration. It produced a consciousness that recognised no incongruence between loyalism and nationalism. A similar ambivalence also manifested itself in issues like tradition, which came to be seen as â??rottenâ? but also formed a "spring of renewal". This divided view of tradition was articulated in various forms that derived from and in turn hardened prevailing community identities.

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