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Trickle-Down Solidarity, Globalisation and Dynamics of Social Transformation in a South Indian Village

This article situates the globalisation of agriculture and anti-capitalist globalisation networks amongst processes of transnational solidarity and dynamics of social transformation in a south Indian village. As against the thesis of 'horizontal social movement practice' as advanced by new social movement theory, the global justice movement literature, and discourses of both the Karnataka State Farmers' Association (KRRS) as well as transnational anti-capitalist globalisation networks, the article shows the persistence of 'vertical' politics between social movements and inequalities of class, caste and gender relations that remain within social movements. Accounts of globalisation and anti-globalisation often overlook micro-level complexities but the article employs a 'situated' analysis of globalisation and shows how KRRS's social bases are excluded from transnational networks by the 'paradox of incommunicability' between castes/classes and the hierarchies that sustain them. The paper also explores the possibility for renewed collective action amongst marginalised groups, and suggests that political networks sustained via a wider social base may be more successful if wrought by a process of trickle-down solidarity.

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