ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Shiv Sena: A Tiger with Many Faces?

The expansion of Shiv Sena took place in the 1980s and it shot to prominence at the national level in the 1990s. The last two decades have witnessed the rise of Shiv Sena as an important political force in Maharashtra. What does the Shiv Sena stand for? Is it a narrow, parochial, 'Marathi' organisation? Is it a militant Hindu communal organisation? Does it represent the revolt of the lower middle classes? Is it a network of culture guards, or is it an expression of cultural populism. This paper seeks to trace this evolution of Shiv Sena and the political and organisational context in which Shiv Sena operates.

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