ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Trends in Sex Ratio

Revisit Needed K SRINIVASAN Krishnaji in a recent article (EPW, April 1, 2000) has argued that the declines in the sex ratios of the population of the country between 1981 and 1991 Censuses from 934 to 927 (females per 1,000 population) can be largely attributed to increased female foeticide and to discriminatory practices in society which contribute to higher mortality for women. He rules out the possibility of larger underenumeration of women in the 1991 Census quoting the studies by Ashok Mitra and Pravin Visaria based on the 1961 and 1971 Censuses which are not relevant for the analysis of the situation in the 1981 and 1991 Censuses. He has criticised my earlier hypothesis (1994) that there have been substantial omission of women in the country as a whole in the 1991 Census which was based on unacceptably poor sex ratios observed in some of the districts in the country which were politically more tense before the 1991 Census. I also argued that very low ratios (around 800 in some districts) could not have come about because of increased female foeticide, differential mortality or migration.

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