ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Proximate Determinants of Fertility in India

Variations in fertility are generally examined in terms of socio-economic factors such as education, income, caste, place of residence. These factors can affect fertility only through intermediate variables such as proportion of females married, prevalence of contraceptive use, incidence of induced abortion and the fertility inhibiting effect on breastfeeding. This article attempts to estimate the values of the proximate determinants of fertility for major states after examining available evidence and interstate variations in these factors.

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