ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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State Level Scheduled Caste Corporations in India-Promise and Performance

they drag on. Tyranny and oppression is not unknown in the countryside. But when it goes beyond endurance, the oppressed leave the village for some unknown destination never to return. This has been the practice since ages. But this option is closed for them for they are indebted and the police will arrest them if they run away. The landlords have an understanding among themselves not to employ any person who has run away. On the other hand he will inform the landlord from where he has run away who will then come along with his men. thrash him THE Scheduled Caste (SC) Corporations are a part of the welfare enterprises set up by the various state governments. These enterprises are the latest breed of state level public enterprises (SLPEs) in the country. Though there is no all-India act governing the setting up and functioning of these enterprises, most of the SC corporations have been established by the state governments on their own initiative. Recently, the central government has set up an apex level corporation to finance programmes for the welfare of the masses in this category. It is expected that this apex level institution will more or less work in the same way as the apex financial institutions in the area of industrial and agricultural credit, viz, the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) and the National Agricultural Bank for Rural Development (N AB ARD). While wediscuss the working of these corporations in detail later, we have to bear in mind the fact that the SCs form a sizeable component of the Indian population. The SCs, STs (scheduled tribes) and BCs (backward classes) all put together constitute about 50 per cent of the population of the country, It is no secret that the economic conditions of the SCs is vulnerable and though the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, acknowledged this fact way back in the early 1930s, in his weekly Harijan, no material transformation has taken place in their lifestyle as the programmes for their upiiftment have had a heavy dose of political tint. To provide an economic thrust mercilessly and drag him again to his house for torturing. From then onwards his life will be hell.

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