ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economics of Population and Development

India is the second most populous country in the world with 934 million people and according to estimates, it will grow to 1.4 billion by 2030. However population growth is not simply a problem of numbers; it is a problem of human welfare and development. This paper contends that population growth is not the only, or even the primary, source of low levels of living, eroding self esteem and limited freedom in the less developed nations. Contrary to customary assumptions, population growth in conjunction with other determinants of development has on many instances promoted social change, and in the recent past has been a boon to economic growth in the newly industrialised countries. It is therefore an issue of management and optimum utilisation of present and future human resources.

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